To najnowsza, zmodyfikowana wersja znanego już i uznanego klinicznego polomierza projekcyjnego do badania statycznego i kinetycznego pola widzenia. Aparat umożliwia wykonanie badań za pomocą bodźca czerwonego (neurolog.) i niebieskiego na żółtym tle (test blue on yellow). Jest on w pełni zgodny z standardem Goldmanna i spełnia wymagania międzynarodowej normy perymetrycznej ISO-12866
The Twinfield® 2 performs fast and versatile automatic static examinations to measure the central field of vision with a high degree of accuracy. In the macular area, the precision is increased even more by a considerable densification of the test points, and the periphery can be tested using a suitable test grid. The modular setup of the examination programs guarantees that the Twinfield® 2 perimeter can be adapted to meet all clinical research and daily practice requirements.
Additional processes improve the diagnostic reliability of perimetric examinations conducted with the Twinfield® 2 perimeter. Re-examination of areas of concern independent of the test point grid and remote observation of the patient’s eye increase the reliability of the findings; the expert system Glaucoma Staging Program (GSP) provides valuable support in the analysis of the findings.
Exact adherence to the Goldmann Standard allows the Twinfield® 2 to be used for assessment perimetry purposes. Automation of the kinetic examinations increases the reproducibility of the test. Fast and comprehensive testing of the entire field of vision testing is achieved by linking the fully automatic kinetic tests with static testing methods.
The pre-defined test programs of the Twinfield® 2 perimeter have been set up in such a way that you can easily perform the examinations that you require most often. Whether glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, neurological diseases – appropriate examinations are available for them all. Furthermore, the modular setup of these programs enable you to create custom test processes, as all available test point grids can be conveniently combined with all OCULUS test strategies. You can thus extend the comprehensive standard program series to meet your own particular requirements.
To gain as much information in the shortest possible time – this principle has always been heeded in the development of all OCULUS test strategies. The SPARK Strategy incorporates data from more than 90 000 diagnoses in a matter of minutes to give precise and stable measurements, especially in Glaucoma detection, diagnosis and progression analysis. The OCULUS Fast Threshold achieves a similar performance with clever improvements to the classic 4-2 step method. And since exact numeric values of the perception threshold do not, in many cases, show any priority, the multiple suprathreshold strategies available in the Twinfield® 2 perimeters offers a faster and more comfortable alternative.
Optimally selected examination areas significantly contribute to meaningful visual field findings. The Twinfield® 2 perimeter provides comprehensive, pre-defined test point grids, which cover all areas ranging from the macula area to the entire field of vision. Grids with a higher density of test points in the center, which take account of the physiology of the retina, are the trademark of the Twinfield® 2. Grids with uniform, orthogonally distributed test points along with other grids, such as the Esterman grid, complete the list of available examination areas.
The measuring results of the Twinfield® 2 perimeter are summarized in the standardized results printout. For threshold-determining examinations, all clinically relevant data are recorded and are shown in various different depictions whereas for suprathreshold tests, only a single informational overview is printed.
The SPARK examination strategy was primarily developed for glaucoma patients and is available for all OCULUS perimeters. It is based on data from more than 90 000 perimetric diagnoses and allows a very fast, yet very precise measurement of the thresholds in the central field of vision. The modular configuration of the method makes it suitable for a variety of applications:
The Glaucoma Staging Program (GSP) is useful in early detection of Glaucoma.
The GSP software grades examination findings into visual field classes (normal, glaucomatous, artifactual and neuro) based solely on their appearance. In addition, risk classes (normal, suspect, pre-perimetric, early stage, moderate and severe) are also assigned to findings of different severities that are classified as normal or glaucomatous. The examination results are presented in easy to understand green, yellow and red bar charts.
The striking novelty of the GSP is its ability to detect subtle changes in the visual field associated with early stage Glaucoma. Findings in the suspect and pre-perimetric risk classes contain reductions in the visual field that cannot be readily seen by the examiner. They usually remain undetected by the standard perimetric indices.
The Glaucoma Likelihood Index (GLI) summarizes the results of the GSP classification into a single parameter, presenting a value of between 0 (normal) and 5 (advanced Glaucoma).
The Glaucoma Staging Program (GSP) is available for the OCULUS Twinfield® 2, Centerfield® 2, Smartfield and Easyfield® perimeters. This upgrade is available for the existing units.
TNT provides a quantitative, statistical analysis of the visual field examination results conducted over time. For follow-up purposes, the software uses the visual field results and patient’s threshold values supplied by 30-2, 30×24 or 24-2 grids over the entire examination period. TNT uses a specific filter to reduce the fluctuation range of the threshold values and to perform a consistent trend analysis. In conjunction with the fast SPARK strategy, the sensitivity of detecting progression of early stage glaucoma is greatly improved.
|Programs:||Pre-defined glaucoma, macula, neurological and screening tests;
Static-kinetic screening; user-defined tests
|Strategies:||Threshold strategies: OCULUS Fast Threshold, Full Threshold, CLIP
Optional: SPARK strategy
Age-adapted supra-threshold screening
(2-zone, 3-zone, quantify defect, OCULUS Class strategy)
|Test patterns:||Rectangular patterns (30-2, 30-2 bs, 24-2, 24-2 bs, 10-2),
Physiological patterns (Area 1-8), Quick Screening, Esterman, customized patterns
|Stimulus sizes:||Goldmann I, III, V|
|Stimulus colour:||White / Blue / Red|
|Stimulus luminance range / steps:||0 – 318 cd/m² (0 – 1 000 asb) / 0.1 log units|
|Background luminance:||10 cd/m² (31.4 asb)|
|Background colour:||White / Yellow|
|Stimulus duration:||200 ms / User-defined|
|Examination speed:||Adaptive / Slow / Normal / Fast / User-defined|
|Maximum eccentricity:||90° (full field)|
|Fixation control:||Video camera image, through central threshold, Heijl-Krakau (using the blind spot)|
|Patient positioning:||Motorised double chinrest, height- and depth-adjustable headrest, ergonomic armrest|
|Reports:||Glaucoma Staging Program (GSP)
Threshold Noiseless Trend (TNT) progression report
|Strategies:||Automatic isopters measured along meridians with freely selectable density
Manual: stimulus freely movable with the computer mouse
Semi-automatic: including scotoma boundary mapping
|Stimulus speed:||2°/s (Goldmann), user-defined|
|Bowl radius:||r = 30 cm (11.8 in)|
|Dimensions (W x D x H):||790 x 723 x 850 mm (31.1 x 28.5 x 33.5 in)|
|Weight:||40.0 kg (88.1 lbs) – without table|
|Max. power consumption:||65 W – without table|
|Voltage:||90 – 264 V AC|
|Frequency:||50 – 60 Hz|
|Recommended computer specifications:||Intel® Core i5, 3,4 GHz, 500 GB HD, Windows® 8|